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I find one of the easiest ways to build nice, consistent Celtic knots is to use graph paper. This gives you an even guide to follow as you plot out your knot. I usually use graph paper where every second dot is slightly bigger, going both up and down. This leaves you with one regular dot, and then an emphasised dot, then another regular dot, and so on. You can make your own own 'dot' paper with regular graph paper by taking a marker or pen and making a dot at the corners of the graph squares (see panel below for dot marking). You can also print out a premade copy here.

In each panel I will show you step by step how to create a Basic Celtic Cross. Each new step will be in red. As you go through the panels, old steps will turn gold, and there will be a new step highlighted, again in red.




Begin your Celtic Cross by marking off a cross shape on your graph paper. I have made the arms of my cross here three big dots and two little dots wide. I have also added some walls to the center of the cross, in a plus shape, just to make it a little fancier. You do not have to add the walls in the center, or if you were working larger you could add even more walls if you wanted, it's purely a matter of taste. The Celtic crosses usually have four equal lengthed arms, but you can make the bottom arm longer if you prefer. For this example (and to keep my graphic a bit smaller) I will make all the arms the same length, but you could mark off longer arms, or just a longer bottom arm if you wanted to.


Begin to criss-cross your little dots like you normally would in a knot. Make sure to only cross over the dots that fall within your cross shape.


Continue until all the little dots within the cross shape are criss-crossed.


Add all the corners to your cross, and then add all the elbows. You should have four corners pointing in to the center, and two corners at the end of each arm if you make your cross look like mine in the example.


Pick a spot where there is an intersection of two knot ropes, and erase them so that one passes over the other as in the example. Following the same knot rope around, keep alternating your erasings so that the knot rope passes over and then under the next rope it meets.


Continue until all the intersections have been erased, and all the knot lines alternate over and under eachother around the cross.


Continue to the Notched Cross...


All tutorials copyright Cari Buziak, 1995-current