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I find one of the easiest ways to build nice, consistent Celtic knots is to use graph paper. This gives you an even guide to follow as you plot out your knot. I usually use graph paper where every second dot is slightly bigger, going both up and down. This leaves you with one regular dot, and then an emphasised dot, then another regular dot, and so on. You can make your own own 'dot' paper with regular graph paper by taking a marker or pen and making a dot at the corners of the graph squares (see panel below for dot marking). You can also print out a premade copy here.

In each panel I will show you step by step how to create a Notched Celtic Cross. Each new step will be in red. As you go through the panels, old steps will turn gold, and there will be a new step highlighted, again in red.

Mark off your cross shape as before, and add four circles to the armpits of the cross. These circles can be of any size, so long as they don't touch eachother inside the cross. If they touched, you would not be able to continue your knot from the arms into the center of the cross. That's okay if that's the look you're aiming for, but for this example I'll just be using little circles.

Make your criss-crosses over all the little dots that fall within your cross, but make sure not to cross those that fall in the circles. Just the ones within the main body of the cross.

Add your corners and your elbows, if you have any. In my example there are only four elbows to be made, in the skinny part of each arm. You'll notice that in my example there are two unjoined ends of my knot lines, one to each side of each arm. To join these up to something, I am going to bouce the ends off the sides of the cross, and then cross them over eachother in the middle of where my two elbows are for each arm. It's kind of hard to see, as there are alot of lines going on in there, but if you look close you'll see where they pass over eachother between the elbows, and continue out.

Now I've made the unjoined ends bounce off the sides and cross between the four elbows in each arm, and although it looks very busy now, it'll clean up nicely when we erase our over and unders. Each pair of knot lines we made cross between the elbows of an arm should join up with the other knot lines.

Pick a spot where two knot lines intersect, and begin erasing your over and unders. When you are all done, you have a couple of options of what to do with the circles. You can decorate them up if you like, as I have done here using some spirals. The circles can be filled with whatever you want, even smaller knots!

Here I have deleted the circles altogether, and just left the cross as its own shape, with the notched out armpits.

Continue to the Ringed Cross...

All tutorials copyright Cari Buziak, 1995-current