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I find one of the easiest ways to build nice, consistent Celtic knots is to use graph paper. This gives you an even guide to follow as you plot out your knot. I usually use graph paper where every second dot is slightly bigger, going both up and down. This leaves you with one regular dot, and then an emphasised dot, then another regular dot, and so on. You can make your own own 'dot' paper with regular graph paper by taking a marker or pen and making a dot at the corners of the graph squares (see panel below for dot marking). You can also print out a premade copy here.

In each panel I will show you step by step how to create a Ringed Celtic Cross. Each new step will be in red. As you go through the panels, old steps will turn gold, and there will be a new step highlighted, again in red.

Here again we start with our basic cross shape, and I have also added the plus shaped walls in the center for interest. After you have made your cross, mark off two circles around the center of your cross, one slightly larger than the other. So long as the first circle clears the armpits of the cross, the second circle can be any amount larger than the smaller circle that you want, to make it either a very thick band or very thin. I have it marked off in sort of a middle distance here, for the size of cross that I am making.

I have erased out the circle where it passes over my cross. Also, you can make all your criss-crosses over the small dots within the cross shape. For now, we will just deal with the cross, and leave the circle for some free-form knotting later.

Finish up the cross with your corners and elbows, just like you normally would.

Now make your overs and unders for the cross, like you have done before.

Now comes the fun part. I am going to make a knot within each of the four parts of the circle, and attach it to part of the knotwork in the cross. To do this, first I start by making a curved shape in each part of the circle. The curve in my example is very relaxed, but when you get used to making some of your knots this way, you can really play around with how to fit them in there. But for now, make a relaxed curve as shown.

Make another relaxed curve over the other, curving it in the opposite direction. I have also tucked the end of this new curve into a niche of my cross pattern. I will use this to loop it into the cross knotwork later.

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All tutorials copyright Cari Buziak, 1995-current