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I find one of the easiest ways to build nice, consistent Celtic knots is to use graph paper. This gives you an even guide to follow as you plot out your knot. I usually use graph paper where every second dot is slightly bigger, going both up and down. This leaves you with one regular dot, and then an emphasised dot, then another regular dot, and so on. You can bold every second dot yourself on regular graph paper by just using a different colored pen or marker to touch them up (see panel below for dot marking).

In each panel I will show you step by step how to create the Leaf Knot Border. Each new step will be in red. As you go through the panels, old steps will turn gold, and there will be a new step highlighted, again in red.

The Leaf Knot Border is made by using "L" and "Z" shaped walls, as shown. You can put as many "Z" walls as you want betweeen the "L" walls, just be sure that there is one little dot between the arms of the walls. There should be a single little dot left in the center of the rectangles made by the walls.

Begin to criss-cross the little dots that fall within the rectangles. As in the the single Leaf Knot, don't cross the dots that fall outside of the rectangles.

When you are finished cross-crossing, there should be strings of triple criss-crosses going down through the rectangles.

Add your corners within the rectangles made by your walls.

Now as with the regular Leaf Knot, attach the loose ends around the outside of the walls. This will form a continuous border - there should be no loose ends, and the lines should wrap around the walls at the ends of the border.

Pick a place where the lines criss-cross, and erase it so one passes over the other. Erase the other criss-crosses so that the over/unders alternate.

Next, The Lovers Knot...

If you're enjoying these tutorials, don't forget that you can get a collected workbook edition, in both an instant PDF downloable eBook edition, as well as a coil bound print edition! These working copies have much more information than these online versions do, more explanations, examples, exercises to work through... become a Celtic art master!

All tutorials copyright Cari Buziak, 1995-current